After eating a tomato, especially a canned one, if you or your kids have ever experienced symptoms such as an itchy mouth or stomach ache, you could start to question how much can be harmful if you have a tomato allergy.
Tomatoes and other members of the nightshade family (such as potatoes and bell peppers) can cause allergic reactions in some people, but this is a rather uncommon occurrence.
There is a paucity of research on tomato allergies; nevertheless, one study found that real tomato allergies affect approximately 1.5% of people living in Northern Europe.
It affects approximately 16 percent of the population in Italy, which gives it a slightly higher prevalence there. In this article, we talk about tomato allergies as well as other sorts of reactions that can be caused by tomatoes.
These reactions include oral allergy syndrome (OAS), pseudo allergies, and others. In addition to this, it covers the symptoms of the many sorts of reactions that can be caused by tomatoes as well as how to receive a diagnosis.
Tomato allergies are rare. According to research, reactions to tomatoes are more likely to be a sensitivity or intolerance than a true food allergy.
When a real allergy to tomatoes develops, it is almost often a type 1 hypersensitivity reaction.
There are relatively few people who suffer from a genuine tomato allergy. A genuine allergy is when the immune system has an aberrant reaction to a substance that would ordinarily be innocuous (known as an allergen). This causes symptoms of an allergy to appear.
A genuine allergy to tomatoes is a type 1 hypersensitivity, most commonly referred to as a contact allergy. This can induce a range of reactions, from relatively harmless ones like hives and symptoms similar to hay fever to potentially fatal ones like anaphylaxis.
Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is frequently to blame for the symptoms of tomato allergies.
The symptoms, also known as pollen fruit syndrome (PFS), are brought on by allergens that react with one another. Tomatoes, peaches, celery, melons, or potatoes can cause an OAS reaction in people who are sensitive to grass pollen.
Adults and teenagers are more prone to OAS. Due to the long time, it takes for seasonal allergies to create a cross-reaction, young children are typically not harmed. Sometimes a person will have symptoms related to food, but it will not be a real allergy in these instances.
For instance, a person with sensitive skin may experience irritation as a result of the acidity of a tomato, but this does not necessarily indicate that the individual is allergic to tomatoes.
The term “pseudo allergy” is used to describe this kind of reaction rather frequently. A non-allergic hypersensitivity that mimics a true allergic reaction is referred to as a pseudo allergy.
This condition is also known as histamine intolerance. Pseudo-allergic reactions have the potential to be just as serious as actual allergic reactions, including the possibility of anaphylaxis.
A type 1 hypersensitivity to tomatoes is what we refer to as a tomato allergy. Allergies of the type 1 variety are more generally referred to as contact allergies.
Histamines are released into locations that are exposed to an allergen when a person with this type of allergy comes into touch with an allergen, such as a tomato.
These sites include the skin, the nose, as well as the respiratory and digestive tracts. As a consequence of this, an allergic reaction occurs.
Tomato allergies are exceedingly uncommon, which is somewhat surprising given that tomatoes and products made from tomatoes are among the foods that are consumed the most frequently in western diets.
Someone who is sensitive to tomatoes is also likely to have allergic reactions to other nightshades, such as potatoes, tobacco, and eggplant.
It’s not uncommon for folks who are allergic to tomatoes to also have an adverse reaction to latex (latex-fruit syndrome).
In most cases, the symptoms of a tomato allergy manifest themselves not long after the allergen has been consumed.
They are as follows: rash, eczema, or hives on the skin, gastrointestinal distress such as cramping, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, a sensation similar to scratching in the throat, and symptoms including a hacking cough, sneezing, wheezing, and runny nose, facial, oral, tongue or pharyngeal enlargement may be seen (angioedema), and anaphylaxis (very rarely).
Rarely, only approximately 10 percent of persons who are allergic to a food may develop eczema.
On the other hand, tomatoes and nuts are also thought to be irritants for people who suffer from eczema. In most cases, the symptoms of allergy-related eczema may appear immediately after contact with the allergen in question.
These symptoms may include recurring rashes, intense itching, swelling, and redness of the affected area. Either a skin prick test or a blood test that looks for immunoglobulin E can determine whether or not someone has an allergy to tomatoes.
Although avoiding tomatoes entirely is the most effective course of action for tomato allergies, antihistamines are also often an effective treatment option.
When it comes to treating an allergic reaction, the topical steroidal ointment could be of some use as well.
Because tomatoes are the foundation of so many of the dishes that Westerners like to eat, it can be extremely disheartening for a person who is allergic to tomatoes to be forced to give up foods that they enjoy, such as pizza and pasta, because tomatoes are the main ingredient in so many of these dishes.
On the other side, a person who is allergic to tomatoes can find ways to get around their sensitivity to tomatoes with a little bit of creative thinking and some advanced planning.
Take into account the several options that follow: Environmental triggers such as pollen, mold spores, or animal dander are examples of things that might induce allergy reactions in some people.
This is because environmental triggers create an overreaction from the immune system.
Zinc is an alternative treatment that some people with allergies consider taking because many allergy medicines can have undesirable effects such as drowsiness or dryness of the mucous membranes. In light of this, zinc is an alternative treatment that some people with allergies consider taking.
Zinc is a mineral that plays an essential role in the maintenance of a healthy immune system and metabolism.
In addition to its function in the process of mending wounds, it is also essential to the maturation of your senses of smell and taste. Both of these senses depend on it.
A meta-analysis that was conducted in 2011 and included 62 individual studies found that deficiencies in a number of minerals, including zinc, were connected to an increased risk of developing asthma and allergies. The conclusions of this research were published in 2011.
The study also mentioned that there was a risk of bias due to the fact that none of the trials were randomized or blinded. This was something that was brought up in the research.
In a study that was conducted on children and published in the journal Pediatric Reports in 2016, it was discovered that the severity of asthma attacks could be lessened if zinc supplements were used in addition to the traditional medication that was being administered.
On the other hand, it did not have any bearing on the length of time. Despite the absence of any clinical evidence to support this claim, there is some speculation that zinc may play a role in the alleviation of allergic reactions. In most cases, asthma is brought on by allergic reactions.
Zinc levels were much lower in those who suffered from atopic dermatitis when compared to control subjects, as the findings of a study that was carried out in 2012 on the topic of atopic dermatitis revealed.
As a result of these findings, which revealed that there may be a connection between zinc levels and this allergy, further inquiry into the topic is required. The levels of zinc that should be consumed on a daily basis vary according to a person’s age as well as their gender.
The recommended daily allowance (RDA) for zinc in the diets of males aged 14 and older is 11 milligrams, while the RDA for zinc in the diets of females aged 19 and older is 8 milligrams. This information comes from a reliable source.
For pregnant women aged 19 and older, the recommended daily intake (RDA) for zinc is 11 milligrams to be consumed over the course of each day. Zinc is a type of trace mineral that has important physiological functions in the body.
There is some evidence to suggest that zinc, in addition to the fundamental functions that it plays in the function of the immune system, the synthesis of proteins, and the healing of wounds, may also play a role in the alleviation of allergic reactions.
These functions include the ability to heal wounds. You could think that zinc could help with your allergies, despite the fact that additional study in clinical settings has to be conducted on the topic.
It is recommended that you consult with your primary care physician before increasing the amount of zinc that you consume. Pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, and headaches are just some of the unpleasant side effects that can be brought on by an excess of zinc.
Zinc supplements and a variety of different medications, including certain antibiotics and diuretics, have the potential to have an unfavorable interaction with one another.